Rules of Roulette

An Introduction to Roulette Rules
Today there are two popular versions of roulette, European roulette and American roulette. The rules for these two versions of the game vary a bit, and we’ll discuss the rules for these two forms of roulette in this article.

Prelude to Roulette Rules – Objective of the Game
The game of roulette involves a wheel and slots bearing 37 numbers in the case of European roulette – 1 through 36 and the number 0, and 38 numbers in the case of American roulette – 1 through 36 and the numbers 0 and 00. 

Before getting to learn the rules of roulette, it would help to understand the purpose or objective of playing the game. Be it the American or European version of roulette, the basic objective is, in simple words, to lay a wager on one number, between 1 and 36, on which the spinning ball will finally rest. If the number you pick actually ends up being the number at which the ball stops, you win; as simple as that. 

Basic Roulette Rules
The first thing you need to do when you opt to play roulette, be it at an online casino or a traditional land-based casino, is to buy yourself some chips to place your bets. There is a very simple difference when it comes to buying chips at online casinos and land-based casinos. 

At a land-based casino, you would need to buy chips of a color different to that of the other players. This is because the players are physically present at the location and there is a chance of their chips getting mixed up. Once you are done playing, you need to return your chips to the croupier and take in their place the standard casino chips, which you can then encash at the cashier’s. 

Once you have your chips, you are now ready to play roulette and place your bets. You place your bets on the specific locations marked out on the roulette table, depending on the type of bet you want to place. We will discuss more about these later.

More Roulette Rules
Once all the players have placed their bets, the croupier initiates the game by spinning the wheel and also launching the ball. Before spinning the wheel and launching the ball, the croupier places the ball in the slot matching the date of that particular date. So, if you were playing the first game on the 18th of February, the ball would be placed at the slot marked 18. This does not apply for the slots marked 32 through 36, and also for the slots marked 0 and 00 (in the case of American roulette).

Before the ball falls on the marked out slots, the croupier announces ‘no more bets.’ The bets are immediately frozen and you are not allowed to place any more bets or alter an existing bet until the spin is over and the losing bets have been removed from the table. 

The House Advantage and Payouts
While talking of the rules governing roulette, another important aspect that you should know about is the house advantage. The house advantage is basically the edge that the casino has over players, and is measured in percentages. The house advantage varies for American and European roulette. In European roulette, the house advantage is a moderate 2.7%. Comparatively, the house advantage is much higher in American roulette, at 5.26%, going on to a massive 7.9% when it comes to the five-number bet (a bet involving the numbers 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3).

The payouts vary for the different types of bets you see in roulette. Basically, the payouts range from an even 1 to 1 to a huge 35 to 1. The 35 to 1 payout happens in just one instance. We will discuss more about payouts after we have listed out the different kinds of bets available in roulette.

The Different Types of Bets
The next thing you must know when we talk of roulette rules is about the different types of bets that exist in roulette. Basically, there are two primary types of bets in roulette – the inside bets and the outside bets. Each of these bet types in turn have different types of bets under them.

The inside bets consist of the following:
Single number straight up bet: You bet on just one number. The payout for this bet is high, at 35 to 1. The house advantage is 5.26% in American roulette and 2.7% in European roulette.
Two-number split bet: You bet on two adjoining numbers. This bet has odds of 17 to 1.
Three-number street bet: You can bet on three numbers in a row. The bet has a payout of 11 to 1.
Four-number corner bet: You can place this bet at the intersection between four numbers. The payout is 8 to 1 for this bet.
Five-number bet: Only one five-number bet is possible, and that also only in American roulette, and it involves the numbers 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3. The payout for this bet is 6 to 1.
Six-number bet: This bet has a payout of 5 to 1. 

There are five outside bets:
Columns: This bet has a payout of 2 to 1.
Dozens: This bet also has a payout of 2 to 1.
Low and high numbers: This bet also has a payout of 1 to 1, i.e. even money.
Even-odd: This bet also has an even money payout, at 1 to 1.
Red-black: This is another bet that has a payout of 1 to 1.

Special Rules in Roulette
There are two special rules in roulette that you should know about: 
The En Prison rule: This rule works for even-money bets. The term ‘en prison’ literally translates to ‘in prison.’ If the outcome of a spin is zero, a casino may give you the option to leave half of the amount you wagered ‘in prison’, for the next spin of the wheel, which means, you get 50% of your wager back the first time. Should the second spin also result in a zero, you do not get any money back. You will not find this rule applied at all casinos.
The La Partage rule: This rule also applies to the even-money bets, the difference being it works only for the outside even-money bets. However, in this case, you cannot leave behind any money for the next spin should a spin result in a zero; you lose 50% of the money wagered. 

In the case of both these special rules in roulette, the house advantage gets lowered. 

Be sure to check out our Roulette Strategy, these tips can save you money and reduce the house odds!

American Roulette
AMERICAN ROULETTE TABLE - Notice the 0 and double 00 on the board and wheel
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